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大学英语四级考试语法基础精讲:英语语法16种时态第三讲

lzy 于2017-07-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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英语语法16种时态第三讲

 ?#35805;?#23558;来时 

? 表示将来会发生的动作,基本结?#25925;莣ill / shall do

【例】We will call you. 我们会打给你的。

? 表示“打算去……,要……”时,可用be going to do

【例】She is going to tell mom about what you did. 她要去告诉母亲你干的好事。

?表示“即将、正要”时,可用be about to do。?#24247;?#36817;期内或马上要做的事

【例】You have to tell her this is a prank, she is about to call the police. 你得告诉她这是个恶作剧,她要打电话报警了。

另外:

 "be to do"表示“将会做”

【例】Your complaint is to be attended right now. 我们马上处理您的投诉;

?#34892;?#21160;词,如:arrive, be close, come, do, done, go, have, leave, open, play, return, sleep, start, stay等,用于?#35805;?#36827;行时,并且通常与一个表示将来时间的时间状语连用,可以表示将来时

【例】The new shopping mall is opening tomorrow morning. 新的购物百货将在明天上午开业。

注意事项:

在以if, when, as long as, as soon as, after, before, in case, until, unless等连词?#32422;?#20855;有连?#39318;?#29992;的副词(immediately, the moment, directly)等引导的状语从句,?#35805;?#29992;现在时代替将来时

【例】I won't tell her the truth if you pay me 1000 dollars.如果你给我1000美元,我就不告诉她真相是什?#30784;?/span>

将来进行时

? ?#24247;?#22312;将来的某个具体时间正在发生的动作或事情

【例】Tell me when you are ready, I'll be waiting downstairs. 你准备好了就告诉我,我在楼下等你。

将来完成时 

? 表示从将来的某一时间开始、?#26377;?#21040;另一个将来时间的动作或状态,或是发生在某个将来时间,但对其后的另一个将来时间有影响的动作或状态

【例】The conference will have lasted a full week by the time it ends. 会议结束的时候应该已经开了一周了。

将来完成进行时

? 将来完成进行时表示动作从将来的某一时间开?#23478;?#30452;?#26377;?#21040;将来某一时间,主要结?#25925;莝hall have been doing和will have been doing  

【例】By the end of next month, they will have been married 30 years. 下个月末是他们的结婚30周年纪念。

过去完成进行时

? 过去完成进行时指的是相对过去的某个时刻来说已经对现在有直接影响并?#19968;?#22312;进行的动作,结?#25925;莌ad been doing

【例】My daughter had been writing diary everyday before I came home last week. 上周我回家之前,?#19994;?#22899;儿每天都写日记。

 过去将来进行时 

? 过去将来进行时表示就过去某一时间而言,将来某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作,结?#25925;莝hould be doing , would be doing

【例】She promised me that she would be cooking dinner at home when I come back tomorrow night. 她答应过我,明晚我回来的时候她会在家做晚饭。 

 过去将来完成时 

? 过去将来完成时表示从过去观点看将来某时某动作已完成,主要结?#25925;莝hould have done , would have done

【例】I thought Sophia would have told you something. 我想索?#22855;?#20250;已经告诉?#22235;?#19968;些情况。

过去将来完成进行时

? 过去将来完成进行时表动作从过去某一时间开?#23478;?#30452;?#26377;?#21040;过去将来某一时间。动作是否继续下去,由上下文决定。这个时态用得相对比较少,结构?#35805;?#26159;should have been doing , would have been doing

【例】I heard by the end of June you would have been working here for 10 years. 我听说到了六月底,你就在这里工作了10年了。

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